Factors associated with satisfaction and depressed mood among nursing home workers during the covid-19 pandemic

Source avec lien : Journal of Clinical Nursing, (En ligne). 10.1111/jocn.16414

Cet article vise à examiner la satisfaction et l’humeur dépressive ressenties par les travailleurs des maisons de retraite pendant la pandémie de COVID-19 et les variables associées. Plus précisément, il s’agit d’analyser les facteurs qui peuvent contribuer à ce que les travailleurs des maisons de retraite développent des comportements adaptatifs qui favorisent la satisfaction ou, au contraire, présentent des caractéristiques associées à une humeur négative.

Aims and Objectives This paper aims to examine the satisfaction and depressed mood experienced by nursing home workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and associated variables. Specifically, to analyse the factors that may contribute to nursing home workers developing adaptive behaviours that promote satisfaction or, on the contrary, show characteristics associated with a negative mood. Background Nursing homes have faced unprecedented pressures to provide appropriately skills to meet the demands of the coronavirus outbreak. Design A cross-sectional survey design using the STROBE checklist. Methods Professionals working in nursing homes (n = 165) completed an online survey measuring sociodemographic and professional characteristics, burnout, resilience, experiential avoidance, satisfaction with life and depression. Data were collected online from April to July 2021, the time in which Spain was experiencing its fifth wave of COVID-19. Two multiple linear regression models were performed to identify salient variables associated with depressive mood and satisfaction. Results Resilience, personal accomplishment and satisfaction had a significant and negative relationship with depression and emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and experiential avoidance had a positive relationship with depression. However, emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and experiential avoidance had a negative and significant relationship with satisfaction and personal accomplishment, and resilience had a positive and significant relationship with satisfaction. In addition, it was found that accepting thoughts and emotions when they occur is beneficial for developing positive outcomes such as satisfaction. Conclusions Experiential avoidance was an important predictor of the effects that the COVID-19 pandemic can have on nursing home workers. Relevance to Clinical Practice Interventions focusing on resources that represent personal strengths, such as acceptance, resilience and personal accomplishment, should be developed. No Patient or Public Contribution The complex and unpredictable circumstances of COVID’s strict confinement in the nursing home prohibited access to the centres for external personnel and family members. Contact with the professionals involved could not be made in person but exclusively through online systems. However, professionals related to the work environment have subsequently valued this research positively as it analyses ‘How they felt during this complicated process’.

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