France : La réforme de la santé au travail sur de mauvais rails

Source : Santé & travail.
Les employeurs n’entendent pas céder un pouce de terrain sur la gestion des SSTI… Pas question non plus d’un pilotage paritaire des services de santé au travail. La gouvernance sous présidence patronale doit rester de mise, ainsi que la « nomination des administrateurs employeurs des CA [conseils d’administration] des SSTI par les seules organisations d’employeurs représentatives au plan national interprofessionnel », précise le document conjoint aux cinq organisations patronales…

The Occupational Burden of Nonmalignant Respiratory Diseases. An Official American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society Statement

Source : American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Rationale: Workplace inhalational hazards remain common worldwide, even though they are ameliorable. Previous American Thoracic Society documents have assessed the contribution of workplace exposures to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on a population level, but not to other chronic respiratory diseases. The goal of this document is to report an in-depth literature review and data synthesis of the occupational contribution to the burden of the major nonmalignant respiratory diseases, including airway diseases; interstitial fibrosis; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; other noninfectious granulomatous lung diseases, including sarcoidosis; and selected respiratory infections.Methods: Relevant literature was identified for each respiratory condition. The occupational population attributable fraction (PAF) was estimated for those conditions for which there were sufficient population-based studies to allow pooled estimates. For the other conditions, the occupational burden of disease was estimated on the basis of attribution in case series, incidence rate ratios, or attributable fraction within an exposed group.Results: Workplace exposures contribute substantially to the burden of multiple chronic respiratory diseases, including asthma (PAF, 16%); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PAF, 14%); chronic bronchitis (PAF, 13%); idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (PAF, 26%); hypersensitivity pneumonitis (occupational burden, 19%); other granulomatous diseases, including sarcoidosis (occupational burden, 30%); pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (occupational burden, 29%); tuberculosis (occupational burden, 2.3% in silica-exposed workers and 1% in healthcare workers); and community-acquired pneumonia in working-age adults (PAF, 10%).Conclusions: Workplace exposures contribute to the burden of disease across a range of nonmalignant lung conditions in adults (in addition to the 100% burden for the classic occupational pneumoconioses). This burden has important clinical, research, and policy implications. There is a pressing need to improve clinical recognition and public health awareness of the contribution of occupational factors across a range of nonmalignant respiratory diseases.

Curriculum Improves Adolescents’ Workplace Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Intention to Engage in Safety Activities

Source : NIOSH Research rounds.
After receiving instruction on the Talking Safety curriculum, adolescents participating in a NIOSH study scored statistically significantly higher on measures of workplace safety and health knowledge, attitude, and intention to engage in workplace safety activities.

The safety professional in the UK: Development of a key player in occupational health and safety

Source : Safety Science.
The appointment of people working full time as advisers or enforcers for the prevention of work accidents and occupational diseases can be traced back in the UK (United Kingdom) to the factory inspectors in the early 19th Century. From the early 20th Century companies started to employ their own occupational safety and health (OSH) staff to undertake preventive tasks and to monitor compliance with legislation and company rules and procedures. Both the inspectorate and the companies faced comparable policy decisions about the role, selection, education and training of these OSH staff, who, by the 1940s, were taking the first steps to becoming a profession in the field of working conditions. This paper presents a historical summary of the developments in the UK which determined the role and requirements for appointment, education, training and work of both these groups of budding professionals (inspectors and company OSH staff). It traces the steps which have characterised this process of professionalisation, summarising them using as framework the criteria for becoming a recognised profession as set out in the introduction to this special issue (Hale et al., this issue).

WSIB launches young worker safety campaign​

Source : Canadian Occupational Safety.
Last year, Ontario’s Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) introduced “model employees”, videos that featured wooden models getting injured at work. Now, the models are back, living in a post-injury world and dealing with the consequences of their injuries. “Despite their light, irreverent tone, the videos have a few powerful messages — even model employees can get hurt at work and workplace injuries can ruin your summer, in more ways than one,” the WSIB said in a release.

Speaking up to prevent harm: A systematic review of the safety voice literature

Source : Safety Science.
Safety voice is the act of speaking up about safety in order to prevent accidents and physical harm. It occurs across contexts (e.g., healthcare, aviation, construction, mountaineering, high-risk sports) and understanding the phenomenon enables interventions. Despite recent interest, however, it remains unclear how safety voice (i) differs conceptually from employee voice, (ii) is delineated across levels of analysis, and (iii) could be optimally investigated. Addressing this, we identified 48 articles, and integrated 256 safety voice antecedents, 7 pragmatics and 23 outcomes into an ecological framework. Overlap was found with employee voice concepts and methodologies, especially for the behavioural nature of speaking-up. Nonetheless, safety voice appeared unique in terms of the content of the raised message (e.g., limited to safety), the context and person speaking-up, identified antecedents (e.g., hazard-specific antecedents), and methodological challenges (e.g., operationalisation of victimhood). Our proposed safety voice framework provides a novel approach to safety voice that is ecological and indicates interventions for mitigating physical harm.

Development of an Evacuation Exercise for Residential Aged Care Facilities Using the Emergo Train System (ETS)

Source : Prehospital and Disaster Medicine.
Les établissements de soins pour personnes âgées en établissement (RACF) ont besoin de plans d’évacuation solides. Toutefois, les plans à eux seuls ne suffisent pas et des exercices de routine sont nécessaires pour tester la capacité du plan d’urgence d’une installation. Les méthodes actuelles, comme les exercices sous tension, ne testent que des éléments isolés du processus d’évacuation et ne peuvent simuler les ressources et les procédures en temps réel nécessaires pour effectuer une évacuation à grande échelle d’une installation. L’objectif de cette étude était d’élaborer un outil d’exercice qui aide les installations à évaluer leurs procédures d’évacuation à l’aide de données quantifiables, fondées sur des données en temps réel et qui permettent de perturber le moins possible les résidents actuels.

Pour une rencontre de sécurité qui se démarque!

Source : Centre patronal SST
Pour plusieurs superviseurs, l’idée d’animer une rencontre de sécurité peut soulever certaines questions : comment je prépare ça, une rencontre de sécurité? Mon sujet intéressera-t-il mes participants? Est-ce que cela va donner quelque chose? Pour être en contrôle de la situation, voici quelques idées pour vous préparer de façon simple et structurée, tout en y ajoutant votre touche personnelle!

À qui s’adressent les systèmes de gestion en SST?

Source : Centre patronal SST
Présents dans de multiples entreprises, les normes de système de gestion de la santé et de la sécurité au travail (SGSST), souvent perçues comme complexes, s’avèrent un modèle sur lequel toutes les entreprises peuvent se baser pour améliorer la gestion de la SST et s’assurer d’une prise en charge efficace des responsabilités au sein de l’organisation. Mais qu’est-ce au juste qu’un SGSST et comment peut-il nous aider?