Cette étude visait à examiner le degré et la gravité des brimades au travail chez les infirmières et à évaluer la relation entre les brimades et les facteurs de l’environnement de travail. Contexte L’intimidation au travail se produit dans le secteur des soins infirmiers à un rythme alarmant et peut s’intensifier avec des conditions de travail plus défavorables.
Aims This study aimed to examine the degree and severity of workplace bullying in nurses and to assess the relationship between bullying and work environment factors. Background Workplace bullying occurs in nursing at an alarming rate and may escalate with more adverse working conditions. Methods Online survey data from a nationally representative sample of 1,170 U.S. registered nurses, collected between 2020 and 2021, were analysed. Five items measuring workplace bullying were used to identify bullying subgroups (unbullied, bullied but unrecognized, moderate bullying and severe bullying) using latent profile analysis. Ordinal logistic regression examined relationships between workplace factors and bullying. Results Over 40% of nurses reported being bullied in the past year. Four bullying subgroups were distinguished. Inadequate staffing, lack of time to get the job done and lack of breaks away from the work area were all significantly associated with severe bullying. Conclusion Ensuring adequate staffing based on patient needs and nurse competency can mitigate workplace bullying in nurses. Further studies are needed to examine the effectiveness of stress reduction programmes on bullying using longitudinal designs. Implications for Nursing Management This result indicates a critical need to improve nursing work environments, which could provide many benefits for nursing workforces, including potential to lessen bullying severity that adversely affects nurse well-being.