The “Mask Effect” of the Emotional Factor in Nurses’ Adaptability to Change: Mental Health in a COVID-19 Setting

Source avec lien : Healthcare, 10(8). 10.3390/healthcare10081457

Lors de catastrophes sanitaires, comme l’actuelle pandémie de COVID-19, les infirmières sont exposées à des situations très stressantes découlant de leur travail et de leur activité personnelle. Le développement de stratégies d’adaptation à de telles situations peut améliorer la santé physique et mentale des infirmières. Cette étude a analysé l’adaptabilité des infirmières au changement, avec une attention particulière aux variables socio-démographiques dans un contexte de COVID-19, et a identifié les répercussions sur leur santé.

During healthcare catastrophes, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, nurses are exposed to highly stressful situations derived from their work and personal activity. Development of coping strategies for such situations can improve nurses’ physical and mental health. This study analyzed nurses’ adaptability to change, with attention to socio-demographic variables in a COVID-19 setting, and identified the repercussions on their health. This quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study had a sample of 351 nurses aged 22 to 64 with a mean age of 40.91 (SD = 10.98). The instruments used for the study were the ADAPTA-10 questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). It was observed that age, sex, and having a stable partner significantly influenced scores on the emotional, cognitive–behavioral, and adaptation to change factors. Finally, the emotional factor mediated between positive COVID-19 in someone close and the presence of health problems. Understanding the elements that help adapt better to change and adversity enable effective interventions to be developed for improving emotional health of nurses, especially for those in whom there are positive cases of COVID-19 in their personal or work environment.

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