Approaches to managing work-related fatigue to meet the needs of American workers and employers

Source avec lien : American Journal of Industrial Medicine, (En ligne). 10.1002/ajim.23402

L’objectif de cette réunion inaugurale était de discuter des preuves actuelles concernant les risques généralisés et les contre-mesures efficaces liés aux heures de travail, au sommeil et à la fatigue, avec des considérations supplémentaires pour adapter les solutions à des industries et des populations de travailleurs spécifiques. Nous avons cherché à identifier les lacunes et les besoins en matière de connaissances dans ce domaine et les futures orientations de la recherche. Nous avons également cherché à identifier les similitudes entre les industries dans le but de partager les leçons apprises et les stratégies d’atténuation réussies entre les secteurs.

On September 13–14, 2019, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) hosted a national forum entitled “Working hours, sleep and fatigue: Meeting the needs of American workers and employers.” The purpose of this inaugural meeting was to discuss current evidence about the broad-based risks and effective countermeasures related to working hours, sleep, and fatigue, with further considerations to tailor solutions for specific industries and worker populations. We aimed to identify the knowledge gaps and needs in this area and future directions for research. We also sought to identify similarities across industries with the goal of sharing lessons learned and successful mitigation strategies across sectors. Participants included an international representation of academics, scientists, government representatives, policymakers, industry leaders, occupational health and safety professionals, and labor representatives. A total of eight manuscripts were developed following stakeholder comments and forum discussions. Six focused on sector-specific approaches (i.e., Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing; Healthcare & Social Assistance; Mining; Oil and Gas Extraction; Public Safety; Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities) to identify unique factors for fatigue-risk and effective countermeasures. Two additional manuscripts addressed topic areas that cut across all industries (disproportionate risks, and economic evaluation). Findings from the Forum highlight that the identification of common risk factors across sectors allows for transfer of information, such as evidence for effective mitigation strategies, from sectors where fatigue risk has been more widely studied to those sectors where it has been less so. Further considerations should be made to improve knowledge translation activities by incorporating different languages and modes of dissemination such that information is accessible for all workers. Additionally, while economic evaluation can be an important decision-making tool for organizational- and policy-level activities, multi-disciplinary approaches combining epidemiology and economics are needed to provide a more balanced approach to economic evaluation with considerations for societal impacts. Although fatigue risk management must be tailored to fit industries, organizations, and individuals, knowledge gained in this forum can be leveraged, modified, and adapted to address these variabilities. Our hope is to continue sharing lessons learned to encourage future innovative, multi-disciplinary, cross-industry collaborations that will meet the needs of workers and employers to mitigate the risks and losses related to workplace fatigue.

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