The effects of job demands and resources on turnover intention: The mediating roles of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization

Source avec lien : Work, 70(1). 10.3233/WOR-213574

En se basant sur le modèle de la demande et des ressources du travail (JD-R), cette étude a examiné les rôles médiateurs de l’épuisement émotionnel et de la dépersonnalisation.

BACKGROUND: Although job demands, supervisory support, and burnout have been identified as significant predictors of turnover intention, little attention has been paid to the mechanisms among these determinants. OBJECTIVE: Based on the job demand and resource (JD-R) model, this study examined the mediating roles of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. METHODS: Data were collected from private sector social workers in three metropolitan areas of South Korea (N = 316). Two serial multiple mediation analyses were conducted to examine the mediating effects of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in the relationships between job demands and turnover intention and between job resources and turnover intention, respectively. RESULTS: Job demands and resources were associated with turnover intention both directly and indirectly, through emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Whereas job demands were positively associated with emotional exhaustion only, job resources were negatively associated with both emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The sequential link from emotional exhaustion to depersonalization was present in both job demands and in the resources models. CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore the importance of addressing potential burnout to effectively reduce turnover intention among social workers in South Korea. Implications and strategies for developing interventions and policies to reduce turnover by improving work environments are suggested.

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