Source avec lien : International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics: JOSE, (Prépublication), 12/21/2020. 10.1080/10803548.2020.1867337
Cette revue exploratoire visait à révéler les facteurs les plus fréquemment examinés et contributifs mentionnés dans les études récentes sur les troubles musculo-squelettiques liés au travail des physiothérapeutes. La surcharge de travail s’est avérée être le facteur le plus important, suivi par l’application de techniques orthopédiques manuelles.
Background. Literature confirms that many physiotherapists suffer from work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), but studies mention different, complementary and contradictory findings regarding risk factors. Objective. This scoping review aimed at revealing the most frequently examined and contributory WMSDs factors mentioned in recent studies about physiotherapists. Methods. Based on specific inclusion/exclusion and appraisal criteria, 11 studies published between 2012 and 2018 were included in the analysis. The factors recorded per publication were grouped in 18 categories, the frequency of their appearance across the sources was counted, and the median ranks of their relative reported contribution were calculated. Results. Excessive workload was found as the most contributory factor, followed by the application of manual orthopaedic techniques. However, demanding and repetitive manual tasks were the most common factors investigated in the publications reviewed. A medium-strength correlation was found between the frequency of examination and reported contribution of factors but with a noticeable range of the confidence interval possibly due to the diversity of the approaches in the studies reviewed. Conclusions. The findings indicate a relative discordance between the level of contribution of each factor to the development of WMSDs and the types of factors most frequently addressed by studies.