L’objectif de cette étude était d’élucider l’orientation de la prévention du burnout en fonction du niveau d’expérience des infirmières en examinant l’impact du climat organisationnel sur le burnout selon le niveau d’expérience des infirmières.
Aim To elucidate the orientation of burnout prevention in line with the experience level of nurses by examining the impact of organisational climate on burnout by nursing experience level. Background While the relationship between a nurse and the organisation where they work changes depending on the nurse’s experience level, there is a dearth of research that takes into account the nursing experience level in exploring the relationship between organisational climate and burnout. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with 1,102 nurses. Nursing experience was divided into six levels. Two scales for organisational climate and the Maslach burnout inventory were used. Results There were effects between the organisational climate and exhaustion/depersonalization, depending on the experience level. Novices with low scores for head nurses’ considerations towards staff felt the highest level of emotional exhaustion. For advanced beginners, a sense of control significantly determined emotional exhaustion. Conclusions There was a difference in the relationship between organisational climate and burnout in experience level, suggesting different intervention directions. Implications for Nursing Management There is a direction of intervention suitable for each experience level, suggesting the need to respond to each accordingly.