L’objectif de cette étude était d’dentifier les facteurs qui motivent ou empêchent les infirmières de parler de la sécurité des patients. Conception Une étude qualitative descriptive.
Aims To identify factors that motivate or inhibit nurses’ speaking up for patient safety. Design A descriptive qualitative study. Methods We conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 nurses from four Korean hospitals between December 2020 and January 2021. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results We identified safety culture, supportive unit managers and role models, positive reactions from or familiarity with others, high-risk situations and personal characteristics and beliefs as motivators of nurses’ speaking up. Hierarchies and power differentials, seniority and unit tenure, concerns about relationships, and heavy workloads inhibited nurses’ speaking up. Conclusion Individual, organizational and cultural characteristics influence nurses’ decisions on whether or not to voice their concerns, suggestions or ideas. Certain characteristics of Korean culture, such as strong hierarchies and the valuing of good relationships, play an important role in nurses’ speaking up behaviours. Our findings can be used to inform educational interventions and management expectations about interpersonal behaviours, especially in a culture where age- and seniority-based hierarchies and collectivism are prevalent. Impact Nurses perceived speaking up as a challenging behaviour, and they sometimes withhold their voices even when speaking up is needed for patient safety. We found that individual, organizational, and contextual factors affect the speaking up behaviours of nurses. Nurse managers can create environments that are more supportive of nurses’ speaking up behaviours by using inclusive leadership to create psychological safety, by inviting and showing appreciation for staff input, and by helping physicians and senior nurses understand the importance of all nurses’ voices. No patient or public contribution Patient or public contribution does not apply to this study as its purpose was to explore the speaking up experiences of nurses themselves.