Job rotation and work-related musculoskeletal disorders: a fatigue-failure perspective

Source avec lien : Ergonomics, (Prépublication), 1/17/2020. 10.1080/00140139.2020.1717644

La rotation des postes est souvent utilisée dans l’industrie comme une méthode pour « équilibrer » les exigences physiques des travailleurs afin de réduire les risques de troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Cet article examine l’efficacité de la réduction des TMS par la rotation des postes de travail en utilisant la simulation numérique des stratégies de rotation des postes de travail et en utilisant le modèle de défaillance par fatigue du développement des TMS.

Job rotation is an organisational strategy that can be used, in part, to reduce occupational exposure to physical risk factors associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Recent studies, however, suggest that job rotation schedules may increase the overall risk of injury to workers included in the rotation scheme. We describe a novel optimisation framework evaluating the effectiveness of a job rotation scheme using the fatigue failure model of MSD development and a case study with real injury data. Results suggest that the effect of job rotation is highly-dependent on the composition of the job pool, and inclusion of jobs with higher risk results in a drastic decrease in the effectiveness of rotation for reducing overall worker risk. The study highlights that in cases when high-risk jobs are present, job redesign of those high risk tasks should be the primary focus of intervention efforts rather than job rotation. Practitioner summary: Job rotation is often used in industry as a method to ‘balance’ physical demands experienced by workers to reduce musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk. This article examines the efficacy of reducing MSDs through job rotation using numerical simulation of job rotation strategies and utilising the fatigue failure model of MSD development.

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