Evaluation of the effects of repeated disinfection on medical exam gloves: Part 2. Changes in mechanical properties

Source avec lien : Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 19(2). 10.1080/15459624.2021.2015073

De nombreux professionnels de la santé ont été contraints, en raison de pénuries aiguës, de prolonger l’utilisation des gants d’examen médical au-delà de leur usage unique prévu. Malgré le peu de documentation disponible, le CDC a proposé une série de directives pour l’utilisation répétée des gants d’examen, indiquant un nombre maximum de traitements pour trois désinfectants largement disponibles. Cette étude examine comment ces traitements affectent les propriétés mécaniques des gants en latex et en nitrile.

Many healthcare professionals have been forced, under acute shortages, to extend medical exam gloves beyond their intended single use. Despite limited available literature, the CDC proposed a set of guidelines for repeated exam gloves use, indicating a maximum number of treatments for three widely available disinfectants. This study examines how these treatments affect the mechanical properties of latex and nitrile gloves. Furthermore, an acceptability threshold is proposed for changes in tensile property, specifically elastic modulus, as an indication of degradation. This proposed criterion was also applied to similar studies available in the literature to determine applicability and aid in recommendation development. Three different latex glove brands and three nitrile brands were exposed to repeated treatments of an alcohol-based hand rub, diluted bleach, or soap and water. Tensile tests of samples cut from untreated and treated gloves were performed to assess the change in elastic modulus induced by each treatment. The findings suggest that latex gloves performed well within the CDC recommended guidelines of six repeated treatments for an ethanol-based hand rub and 10 repeated treatments of either dilute bleach or soap and water. Nitrile exam gloves, on the other hand, showed significant changes in elastic modulus, with more inconclusive results among brands. This was especially true for treatment with dilute bleach and soap and water. Further research is needed to investigate the effects of disinfection products on the mechanical integrity of nitrile exam gloves. The results support the use of five repeated treatments of ethanol-based hand rub for nitrile exam gloves, a lower threshold than currently recommended by the CDC. This research also supports that the CDC recommendation of 10 repeated treatment with soap and water is appropriate for latex exam gloves, but not for nitrile exam gloves. Occupational safety and health professionals involved in the selection of disposable exam gloves for infection control should consider the compatibility of the glove polymer type with available disinfectants, especially if extended use with repeated disinfection becomes necessary.

Lisez l’article

Laisser un commentaire