Beyond the individual: A systematic review of the effects of unit-level demands and resources on employee productivity, health, and well-being.

Source avec lien : Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 27(2).

L’objectif de cette revue systématique est de synthétiser les preuves concernant les ressources et les exigences professionnelles au niveau supraindividuel et leurs relations avec la productivité, la santé et le bien-être lié au travail.

Creating sustainable employment—that is, a condition in which employees remain productive but also enjoy good health and well-being—is a challenge for many organizations. Work environment factors are major contributors to these employee outcomes. The job demands–resources model categorizes work environment factors into demands versus resources, which are, respectively, detrimental versus beneficial to employee outcomes. Although conceptualized as workplace factors, these job characteristics have been studied mostly at an individual level. Therefore, their roles at the supraindividual level (i.e., any work-unit level above an individual, such as group or organization) for employee productivity, health, and well-being remains unclear. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence concerning job resources and job demands at the supraindividual level and their relationships to productivity, health, and work-related well-being. The review covers articles published through December 2018. In total, 202 papers met the inclusion criteria. We found stronger support for the beneficial roles of supraindividual job resources than for the detrimental roles of job demands for productivity and work-related well-being. Regarding health, most of the relationships were found to be nonsignificant. To conclude, this review demonstrates that, at the supraindividual level, the motivational path has received more support than the health impairment path. Based on these findings, we provide recommendations for further research and practice.

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