Where to focus? Insights from safety personnel and external safety consultants on lessons learned about safety climate interventions – A qualitative approach

Source avec lien : Journal of Safety Research, (Prépublication), . 10.1016/j.jsr.2021.08.005

Le climat de sécurité est important pour promouvoir la sécurité et la santé au travail. Cependant, il y a une pénurie de recherches empiriques sur les moyens efficaces de planifier, concevoir et mettre en œuvre des interventions sur le climat de sécurité, en particulier en ce qui concerne ce qui va être changé et amélioré. Pour combler cette lacune, la présente étude a cherché à extraire un ensemble complet de suggestions compilées pour l’intervention sur le climat de sécurité à partir d’entretiens qualitatifs avec des professionnels de la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail issus d’industries potentiellement dangereuses.

Introduction: Safety climate is important for promoting workplace safety and health. However, there is a dearth of empirical research on the effective ways of planning, designing, and implementing safety climate interventions, especially regarding what is going to be changed and improved. To address this gap, the present study sought to extract a comprehensive pool of compiled suggestions for safety climate intervention based on qualitative interviews with professionals in occupational safety and health management from potentially hazardous industries. Method: A series of systematic semi-structured interviews, guided by a comprehensive sociotechnical systems framework, were conducted with company safety personnel (n = 26) and external safety consultants (n = 15) of 21 companies from various industries. The taxonomy of five work system components of the sociotechnical systems approach served as overarching themes, representing different areas of improvement in an organization for occupational safety and health promotion, with an aim of enhancing safety climate. Results: Of the 36 codes identified, seven codes were based on the theme of external environment work system, four were based on the theme of internal environment work system, five were based on the theme of organizational and managerial structure work system, 14 codes were based on the theme of personnel subsystem, and six were based on the theme of technical subsystem. Conclusions: Safety climate intervention strategies might be most commonly based upon the principles of human resource management (i.e., codes based on the personnel subsystem theme and organizational and managerial structure work system theme). Meanwhile, numerous attributes of external/internal environment work system and technical subsystem can be jointly improved to bolster safety climate in a holistic way. Practical Applications: More systematic and organized management of safety climate would be available when various interrelated codes pertinent to a given context are carefully considered for a safety climate intervention.

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