La pratique du travail électronique à distance, qui implique un travail effectué n’importe où, à tout moment, en utilisant la technologie, est en augmentation. Le but de cette revue systématique de la littérature est d’approfondir la compréhension de l’association entre le travail électronique à distance, au sein de travailleurs du savoir, et les cinq dimensions du bien-être au travail: affectif, cognitif, social, professionnel et psychosomatique.
The practice of remote e-working, which involves work conducted at anyplace, anytime, using technology, is on the increase. The aim of this systematic literature review is to gain a deeper understanding of the association between remote e-working, within knowledge workers, and the five dimensions of well-being at work: affective, cognitive, social, professional, and psychosomatic. Sixty-three studies employing quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method designs have been included in the review. Findings indicate that we know more about remote e-workers’ affective state and their social and professional life than we know about their cognitive functioning and psychosomatic conditions. Whilst the research indicates a positive focus there are some negative aspects of this way of working which are highlighted within this review; such as social and professional isolation, and perceived threats in professional advancement. This review may be of great importance for academics, to continue the theoretical advancement of research into remote e-working, and practitioners, to implement and manage remote e-working attitudes and policies more effectively.