A method for the monitoring of antiblastic drugs in plasma and urine of exposed healthcare workers

Cet article décrit le développement, l’optimisation et la validation d’une méthode pour l’analyse simultanée quasi-quantitative de huit médicaments antinéoplasiques fréquemment utilisés. On peut analyser aussi bien des échantillons d’urine que de sang en employant cette méthode.

Exposure of healthcare workers to anticancer drugs requires the combined action of environmental and biological monitoring to assess the effective level of exposure to these chemicals, to improve awareness and to avoid adverse health effects on this category of workers. Cancer chemotherapeutic drugs show different mechanisms of action due to diverse chemical structures; consequently, they differ in hydrophobicity, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Therefore, the appearance, accumulation and elimination of each of these molecules in body fluids and tissues might be extremely variable; this prompts the need for a rapid and versatile analytical protocol for the biological monitoring of possible exposure of workers involved in the manipulation, administration and disposal of cancer chemotherapeutic drugs. In this paper we describe the development, optimization and validation of a UHPLC–MS/MS method for the simultaneous quasi-quantitative analysis of eight widely used antineoplastic drugs, which can be used for the analysis of both urine and blood samples. This methodology was applied to the biological monitoring of healthcare workers exposed to different extents to antiblastic drugs at the University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona” in Salerno (Italy), and allowed to identify two subjects exposed to irinotecan out of a total of fifteen workers analyzed.

Article à accès restreintIZZO, Viviana, CHARLIER, Bruno, BLOISE, Elena, PINGEON, Marine, ROMANO, Marianna, FINELLI, Antonietta, VIETRI, Alfonso, CONTI, Valeria, MANZO, Valentina, ALFIERI, Maria, FILIPPELLI, Amelia et DAL PIAZ, Fabrizio, 2018. A UHPLC–MS/MS-based method for the simultaneous monitoring of eight antiblastic drugs in plasma and urine of exposed healthcare workers. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis [en ligne]. Vol. 154, p. 245‑251. DOI 10.1016/j.jpba.2018.03.024.

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