What is the impact of patient violence in the emergency department on emergency nurses’ intention to leave?

Source avec lien : Journal of Nursing Management, (En ligne). 10.1111/jonm.13728

L’objectif de cette étude était d’examiner l’impact de la violence des patients, vécue dans les services d’urgence, sur l’intention des infirmiers d’urgence de quitter leur emploi.

Aim To examine the impact that patient violence, experienced in the emergency department, has on emergency nurses’ intention to leave their job. Background Emergency departments have become known for their overcrowding, chaos, unpredictability and violence. Emergency nurses are at high risk of experiencing workplace violence, which is cited in the literature as having a direct effect on general nurses’ intention to leave. A high rate of nursing turnover may lead to short staffing, jeopardize the quality of patient care and increase overcrowding and wait times. Evaluation A systematic review was undertaken in CINAHL, Medline and Psych INFO databases using published data until November 2021. Six articles were included, and PRISMA guidelines were adhered it. Key Issues Workplace violence in the emergency department had a direct impact on emergency nurses’ intention to leave and decreased their job satisfaction. Verbal abuse is the most experienced form of workplace violence. Conclusions Workplace violence experienced by emergency nurses in the emergency department had a direct positive impact on their intention to leave and subsequently negative impact on their job satisfaction. Implications for Nursing Management This review may inform clinical decision-making and aid in the development of clinical practice guidelines for a workplace violence prevention programme, specific to the emergency department.

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