Perceptions of COVID-19 Vaccines Among Healthcare Assistants: A National Survey

Source avec lien : Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, (Prépublication), . 10.1111/jgs.17437

L’acceptation limitée de la vaccination contre le COVID-19 parmi les aides-soignants (ASA) peut avoir un impact négatif sur les personnes âgées, qui présentent un risque accru d’infections graves par le COVID-19. L’objectif de notre étude était d’évaluer les perceptions de l’innocuité et de l’efficacité du vaccin COVID-19 dans un échantillon d’aides-soignants de première ligne, globalement et selon la race et l’ethnie.

Limited COVID-19 vaccination acceptance among healthcare assistants (HCAs) may adversely impact older adults, who are at increased risk for severe COVID-19 infections. Our study objective was to evaluate perceptions of COVID-19 vaccine safety and efficacy in a sample of frontline HCAs, overall and by race and ethnicity. Methods Online survey conducted December 2020 to January 2021 through national e-mail listserv and private Facebook page for the National Association of Health Care Assistants. Responses from 155 HCAs, including certified nursing assistants, home health aides, certified medical assistants, and certified medication technicians were included. A 27-item survey asked questions about experiences and perceptions of COVID-19 vaccines, including how confident they were that COVID-19 vaccines are safe, effective, and adequately tested in people of color. Multivariable regression was used to identify associations with confidence in COVID-19 vaccines. Results We analyzed data from 155 completed responses. Among respondents, 23.9% were Black and 8.4% Latino/a. Most respondents worked in the nursing home setting (53.5%), followed by hospitals (12.9%), assisted living (11.6%), and home care (10.3%). Respondents expressed low levels of confidence in COVID-19 vaccines, with fewer than 40% expressing at least moderate confidence in safety (38.1%), effectiveness (31.0%), or adequate testing in people of color (27.1%). Non-white respondents reported lower levels of confidence in adequate testing of vaccines compared to white respondents. In bivariate and adjusted models, respondents who gave more favorable scores of organizational leadership at their workplace expressed greater confidence in COVID-19 vaccines. Conclusion Frontline HCAs reported low confidence in COVID-19 vaccines. Stronger organizational leadership in the workplace appears to be an important factor in influencing HCA’s willingness to be vaccinated. Action is needed to enhance COVID-19 vaccine uptake in this important population with employers playing an important role to build vaccine confidence and trust among employees.

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