Investigating the Temporal Relationship between Proactive Burnout Prevention and Burnout: A Four-Wave Longitudinal Study

Source avec lien : Stress and Health, (Prépublication), .

Étant donné les effets néfastes de l’épuisement professionnel pour les individus et les organisations, il est d’une importance cruciale de mieux comprendre les actions que les employés entreprennent de leur propre initiative pour prévenir l’épuisement professionnel. Si une telle prévention proactive de l’épuisement professionnel est susceptible de réduire les plaintes pour épuisement professionnel, ces activités peuvent également être contrariées par des niveaux d’épuisement élevés. Cela signifie que la prévention proactive de l’épuisement professionnel et l’épuisement professionnel peuvent s’influencer négativement l’un l’autre au fil du temps.

Given the detrimental effects of burnout for individuals and organizations, it is of crucial importance to better understand the self-initiated actions employees take to prevent burnout. While such proactive burnout prevention is likely to reduce burnout complaints, these activities may also be frustrated by high burnout levels. This means that proactive burnout prevention and burnout can negatively affect each other over time. The present study used a four-wave longitudinal panel design to investigate temporal relationships between proactive burnout prevention and burnout over three, six, and nine weeks. Participants were 165 employees in the financial services industry who provided data on all four measurement occasions. The outcomes of structural equation modelling provided support for the hypothesized combined effects model compared to the lagged and reversed effects models. The findings suggest that proactive burnout prevention can help to prevent burnout, while engagement in these behaviors may be hindered by high initial levels of burnout. Employees should therefore intervene before their resource pool becomes too depleted and they lack the energy or mental strength to invest resources, in order to proactively retain or regain resources. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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