Source avec lien : International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics: JOSE, (Prépublication), 2021-03-02. 10.1080/10803548.2021.1897260
L’objectif de l’étude était de décrire la prévalence, les facteurs ergonomiques associés au syndrome de vision par ordinateur (CVS), ainsi que les connaissances et les pratiques d’utilisation des ordinateurs chez les employés de banque de la métropole de Cape Coast, au Ghana.
PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence, ergonomic factors associated with computer vision syndrome (CVS), as well as knowledge and practices of computer usage among bank workers in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive eye examination was performed for 139 bankers in the Cape Coast Metropolis. Measurements of ergonomic practices at their workstations were carried out and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect socio-demographic data, symptoms of CVS and its associated factors as well as the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the bankers on CVS. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were carried out to compute the different proportions and relevant associations. RESULTS: Headaches (73.4%), eyestrain (65.5%) and itching (63.3%) were the most common reported symptoms. The prevalence of CVS in the study population was found to be 71.2% with a high level of poor ergonomic practices (78.4%) at the computer workstations. With regards to knowledge, attitudes and practices of the participants on CVS, 68.3% of the participants had low levels of knowledge on CVS, while 90.6% had negative attitudes towards CVS and 46.0% of the participants had poor practices. CONCLUSION: Bankers had a high prevalence of CVS. Ergonomic practices, females and computer usage were all associated significantly with the presence of CVS.