Source avec lien : Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 63(11). 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002308
L’objectif de cette étude était de quantifier l’adéquation de l’équipement de protection individuelle (EPI) du personnel de santé américain au début de la pandémie de COVID-19 et son association avec le risque d’infection.
Objectives: To quantify adequacy of personal protective equipment (PPE) for U.S. healthcare personnel (HCP) at the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic and its association with infection risk. Methods: March–May 2020 survey of the national Nurses’ Health Studies and the Growing Up Today study regarding self-reported PPE access, use, and reuse. COVID-19 endpoints included SARS-CoV-2 tests and COVID-19 status predicted from symptoms. Results: Nearly 22% of 22,232 frontline HCP interacting with COVID-19 patients reported sometimes or always lacking PPE. Fifty percent of HCP reported not needing respirators, including 13% of those working in COVID-19 units. Lack of PPE was cross-sectionally associated with two-fold or greater odds of COVID-19 among those who interacted with infected patients. Conclusion: These data show the need to improve the U.S. infection prevention culture of safety when confronting a novel pathogen.