Cette étude a examiné l’efficacité de l’apprentissage synchrone en ligne (SOL) à des fins professionnelles par rapport à l’apprentissage en face à face (F2F).
Background This study examined the effectiveness of synchronous online learning (SOL) for occupational purposes relative to face-to-face (F2F) learning. Methods Seven bibliographic databases were searched, and publications meeting the inclusion criteria were sought. Title and abstract screening, article screening, methodological quality assessment, and data extraction were carried out by two independent reviewers. Results Three systematic reviews meeting the inclusion criteria were consistent in providing evidence that there was generally no difference between SOL and F2F learning in their effects on knowledge or skills. Conclusions Based on the sparse evidence base examined in this review, we conclude that SOL and traditional F2F learning for occupational or career preparation purposes are similarly effective for learners at the undergraduate level or higher. Much caution should be taken with this assumption when delivering content of a more hands-on nature and when adult learners have less educational preparation, since research is lacking in these areas.